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How does a cavity form?

There can be many causes or conditions that lead to the formation of a cavity. Some of them are:

  • Micro-Organisms: Bacteria capable of causing a cavity, such as Cariogenic Bacteria.
  • Diet: High Carbohydrate diet.
  • Susceptible tooth surface: Tooth surface deprived of regular brushing, flossing and dental treatment.
  • Hereditary

How will I know that I have a cavity?

Regular visits to the dentist are essential for early detection of cavities. Immediate intervention will prevent further decay and damage to the cavities. Cavities can be detected in the following ways:

  • By the naked eyes when there is a change in the color of the tooth.
  • By a dental instrument called explorer.
  • By an x-ray of the teeth.
  • By increased sensitivity of the teeth to hot and cold temperatures.

Why do gums bleed?

Healthy gums are firm and don't bleed. Gum bleeding is the first sign of gum disease or Gingivitis (mild inflammation of gums). This occurs when plaque and tartar (hardened plaque) built up at the gum line are not removed effectively. The gums become red and puffy and may bleed while brushing. A professional cleaning will solve the problem.

What is gum surgery?

When gum disease or infection has progressed below the gum line, you will require the gum surgery apart from a professional cleaning. Gum surgery or flap surgery involves reflecting (lifting) the gum from the tooth to remove the infection. Then the gum is repositioned and sutured to hold it in place until it heals.

Why do I have bad breath and how do I beat it?

Bad breath may be caused by various factors some of them are:

  • Habits such as smoking, drinking coffee or alcohol
  • Foods such as garlic, onions, etc.
  • Sinusitis
  • Medical conditions (which constitute only about 10 % of bad breath causes) such as acidity, diabetes and respiratory infections.
  • Bad breath is basically caused by the gases released by anaerobic bacteria when they interact with food and saliva. Dentures and other appliances, when not cleaned properly can also cause bad breath. You can fight bad breath by brushing your teeth regularly, flossing, and using an oral rinse or mouthwash.

Will cleaning of teeth remove the tooth enamel or make my teeth sensitive?

Not at all. Cleaning is a gentle, non-invasive procedure involving a non-abrasive, ultrasonic instrument which dislodges the surface tartar and stains.

Does bleaching have any side effects?

Bleaching uses a mild solution of carbamide peroxide retained in a custom-made mould that fits your teeth. Carbamide peroxide has neutral PH and has been used by dentists for many years as an oral antiseptic and as a tooth whitener. The side effects (if any) will be slight sensitivity of the teeth, which disappears within 48 hours after medication ends.

My teeth are sensitive to extremes of temperature like cold or hot. Why?

Sensitivity of teeth can be caused by various factors such as:

  • Cavities
  • Micro fracture of a tooth
  • Wear and tear of the tooth caused by aging or attrition, abrasion due to aggressive brushing, erosion by soft drinks and citric juices and teeth grinding.
  • Root exposure due to recession of the gum line.